Parliament-Funkadelic abbreviated as P-Funk is an American funk music collective of rotating musicians headed by George Clintonprimarily consisting of the individual bands Parliament and Funkadelicboth active since the s.
Their distinctive funk style drew on psychedelic cultureoutlandish fashion, science-fictionand surreal humor;  it would have an influential effect on subsequent funk, post-punkhip-hopand post-disco artists of the s and s,  while their collective mythology would help pioneer Afrofuturism.
The collective's origins date back to the doo-wop group the Parliamentsformed by Clinton in the late s in suburban Plainfield, New Jersey. Under the influence of lates artists such as Jimi HendrixSly Stoneand Frank ZappaClinton later relocated to Detroit and began the sister groups Parliament and Funkadelic, with the former playing an eclectic and more commercial form of funk, and the latter incorporating more influence from psychedelic rock.
The name "Parliament-Funkadelic" became the catch-all term for the dozens of related musicians recording and touring different projects in Clinton's orbit. By the early s, Clinton and other members had begun solo careers, with Clinton also consolidating the collective's multiple projects and touring under names such as George Clinton and the P-Funk All-Stars.
Some former members of Parliament perform under the name " Original P ". Inthe group was given the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. This was The Parliamentsa name inspired by Parliament cigarettes. Later, the group rehearsed in a barbershop partially owned by Clinton and entertained the customers. The Parliaments finally achieved a hit single in with " I Wanna Testify " while Clinton began commuting to Detroit as a songwriter and producer for Motown Records.
The West End of Plainfield, New Jersey was once home to the Silk Palace, a barbershop at Plainfield Avenue owned in part by Clinton, staffed by various members of Parliament-Funkadelic and known as the "hangout for all the local singers and musicians" in Plainfield's s and s doo-wop, soul, rock and proto-funk music scene.
By the late s Clinton had assembled a touring band to back up the Parliaments, the first stable lineup of which included Billy Bass Nelson bassEddie Hazel lead guitaristTawl Ross guitaristTiki Fulwood drumsand Mickey Atkins keyboards. After a contractual dispute in which Clinton temporarily lost the rights to the name "The Parliaments," Clinton brought the backing musicians forward. When the band relocated to Detroit, their guitar-based, raw funk sound, with its heavy psychedelic rock influences, inspired "Billy Bass" Nelson, who coined the name " Funkadelic ".
Clinton signed Funkadelic to Westbound Recordsand the five Parliaments singers were credited as "guests" while the five musicians were listed as the main group members. The debut album Funkadelic was released in Parliament recorded Osmium for Invictus Records inand after a hiatus in which Clinton focused on Funkadelic, Parliament was signed to Casablanca Records and released its debut for that label Up for the Down Stroke in The two bands began to tour together under the collective name "Parliament-Funkadelic.
By this time the original ten-member lineup of Parliament-Funkadelic had begun to splinter, but many others joined for various album releases by either band, leading to a collective with a fluid and rapidly expanding membership.
Many members of the collective began to branch out into side bands and solo projects under George Clinton's tutelage, including Bootsy's Rubber BandParletand The Brides of Funkensteinwhile longtime members like Eddie Hazel recorded solo albums with songwriting and studio help from the collective. The Parliament albums of this period had become concept albums with themes from science fiction and afro-futurismelaborate political and sociological themes, and an evolving storyline with recurring fictional characters.
Parliament-Funkadelic stage shows particularly the P-Funk Earth Tour of were expanded to include imagery from science fiction and a stage prop known as the Mothership. These concepts came to be known as the P-Funk mythology. By the late s the Parliament-Funkadelic collective became over-extended and several key members departed acrimoniously over disagreements with Clinton and his management style.
Original Parliaments members Fuzzy Haskins, Calvin Simon, and Grady Thomas departed in after becoming disillusioned with the influx of new members, and later recorded an album under the name Funkadelic. Other members departed and formed new funk bands that detached themselves from P-Funk and even criticized the collective, such as Quazar formed by guitarist Glenn Goins and Mutiny formed by drummer Jerome Brailey.
Due to financial difficulties and the collapse of Casablanca Records Parliament's labelClinton dissolved Parliament and Funkadelic as separate entities. Many members of the collective continued to work for Clinton, first on his solo albums and later as Parliament-Funkadelic or the P-Funk All Stars. In the early s George Clinton continued to record while battling with financial problems and well-publicized drug problems. The remaining members of Parliament-Funkadelic recorded the hit album Computer Gameswhich was released as a George Clinton solo album.
Included on this release was the much-sampled 1 hit single " Atomic Dog ". The P-Funk All Stars included many of the same members as the lates version of the Parliament-Funkadelic collective, and was so named because of various legal issues concerning use of the names Parliament and Funkadelic after The name P-Funk All Stars is still in use to the current day, and group has included a mix of former Parliament-Funkadelic members as well as guests and new musicians. As the s continued, P-Funk did not meet with great commercial success as the band continued to produce albums under the name of George Clinton as solo artist.
P-Funk retired from touring from untilexcept for extremely sporadic performances and TV appearances. It was at this time that Hip hop music began to extensively sample P-Funk music, so remnants of the music were still heard regularly, now among fans of Hip hop. Bymost of the Parliament and Funkadelic back catalog had been reissued.August 22 While techno may be best known as a largely European phenomenon marked by hedonism these days, its roots are steeped in black protest and the plight of Detroit.
Andy Beta traces the genre's oft-overlooked political history in his latest column. January 30 Xiu Xiu explain why bluegrass is the original goth music, how to con your grandmother into buying you a guitar, and where to buy that rare album when you're on the West Coast.
March 27 June 23 Music Videos September 10 Skip to content Search query All Results. Pitchfork is the most trusted voice in music. Reviews 4. Funkadelic Maggot Brain. Robin Thicke, Pharrell and T. Read the review. The Best Songs of the s. Electronic Warfare: The Political Legacy of Detroit Techno While techno may be best known as a largely European phenomenon marked by hedonism these days, its roots are steeped in black protest and the plight of Detroit.
Label variation of original Westbound pressing see images. Add Review peoplefunnyboy February 28, Report. It is though isn't it!!Parliament Funkadelic Live at Ebbets Field, Denver - 1976 (full concert, audio only)
Clinton was sunk deep into Detroit for nearly a decade before unleashing this mad dog funk on the world recorded in the Motor City and issued on Detroit label Westbounda street-tough older brother to Parliament that would become a huge part of the "Parliafunkadelicment Thang" a family of creative outlets and personas that must have inspired the diverse renaissance aspect of the golden era of hip hop decades later.
While the future would see Clinton owning the s, embracing and inventing the decade, here the sound clearly comes out of the late s, pure acid groove, blues, funk, acid rock, the first cut offering obvious nods to both Sly and Hendrix, the two influences showing throughout the set.
Of course, this dips down to Ohio, Memphis and even Mississippi and brings it up to Detroit, "a joint rolled in toilet paper," circular motion lotion applied to ashy kneecaps, this is clearly rust-belt hard funk, the second cut "I Bet You" exploring the same territory that Norman Whitfield had been exploring with this Motown outlets.
Of course, these comparisons shouldn't suggest any assembly-line mentality or lack of originality, this was delivery of something sporting a fresh paint job and a brand new powerplant under the hood roaring out of the garage, pistons pumping out the rhythm, curb feelers scraping against concrete, Motor City muscle that was built to last and cause notice, the sounds of the s rolled up tight and rolled out like a steamroller in the late-night moments when the dark of night meet the light of morning.
Reply Notify me 1 Helpful. The first p-funk album i think the label was westbound? Guess what?????????? They gave credits to the live road band I bought a brand new reissue of this album inwith catalog number WD Any idea what that might be?
Reply Notify me Helpful.Discography of Funkadelicinfluential George Clinton -led funk music group. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Funkadelic discography Studio albums 16 Live albums 1 Compilation albums 18 Singles 25 Discography of Funkadelicinfluential George Clinton -led funk music group. Retrieved Retrieved June 22, Official Charts Company. Recording Industry Association of America. Omnibus Press. Funkadelic Free Your Mind Live: Meadowbrook, Rochester, Michigan — 12th September Discography " Let's Take It to the Stage ".
Capitol Theatre The Name Is Bootsy, Baby! George Clinton.
George Clinton and His Gangsters of Love. Categories : Funkadelic albums Rhythm and blues discographies Rock music group discographies Discographies of American artists. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file.
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Free Your Mind Formats: Vinyl, Compact disc, cassette. Formats: Vinyl, Compact disc. RIAA : Platinum . RIAA: Gold . America Eats Its Young. Standing on the Verge of Getting It On. Let's Take It to the Stage. Tales of Kidd Funkadelic. Hardcore Jollies.An immensely influential band that truly lived up to their name, Funkadelic was the brainchild of George Clinton, originally formed as a back-up group to support Clinton's early doo wop crew, the Parliaments who eventually became Parliament.
Blending expert musicianship, gut-bucket funk, and drug-fueled experimentation, Funkadelic was introduced as a separate entity in partially as a way to get around record contract constrictswhen they released their self-titled debut LP. One of the group's key players literally and figuratively was keyboardist Bernie Worrell, whose psyched-out synth-scapes were a big part of their unique sound. Funkadelic's second album Free Your Mind And Your Ass Will Follow dropped later that year and Maggot Brain soon followed, but it was their fourth full-length that really set the stage for major crossover success.
The addition of legendary bassist Bootsy Collins, previously a member of James Brown's crack squad the J. The hit-or-miss album Hardcore Jollies appeared in after the band signed with Warner Brothers and included the only mildly successful single called "Undisco Kidd.
In things really exploded for both groups, Funkadelic released the undeniably classic LP One Nation Under A Grooveand hit number one with the title track.
They put together a few more albums, but the initial magic seemed to be missing. Both Clinton and Bootsy began work on solo projects and ever-rotating members continued to tour for several decades as the P-Funk All Stars. Clinton's drug problems and legal woes continued through the years, but his music would play a crucial role in the development of hip-hop especially on the West Coastas various rap producers concocted new songs based on older Funkadelic tracks.
The single features six snippets of tracks from the LP. According to Robert ChristgauFunkadelic ' s "dark, slow, tuneless" music was originally panned and "scared the bejesus out of fans of upful blackness on both sides of America's widening racial divide". He deemed the album "a revealing and unique record that's certainly not short on significance, clearly marking the crossroads between '60s soul and '70s funk".
I'll Bet You got to No. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Westbound Records. February Retrieved New York. Retrieved November 30, Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the '70s. Da Capo Press. Retrieved July 17, Acclaimed Music.
January The Mojo Collection Vol 4. Retrieved 25 April Funkadelic Free Your Mind Live: Meadowbrook, Rochester, Michigan — 12th September Discography " Let's Take It to the Stage ". Capitol Theatre The Name Is Bootsy, Baby! Categories : debut albums Westbound Records albums Funkadelic albums Albums produced by George Clinton funk musician. Hidden categories: Articles with short description Articles with hAudio microformats Album articles lacking alt text for covers.
Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Acid rock psychedelic funk soul. George Clinton. Funkadelic Free Your MindFunkadelic was an American band formed in Detroit in and active until The band and its sister act Parliamentboth led by George Clintonpioneered the funk music culture of the s.
The group that would become Funkadelic was formed by George Clinton inas the unnamed backing section for his doo wop group The Parliaments  while on tour. The band originally consisted of musicians Frankie Boyce, Richard Boyce, and Langston Booth plus the five members of the Parliaments on vocals. The name "Funkadelic" was coined by Nelson after the band relocated to Detroit.
Bybecause of a dispute with Revilot, the record company that owned "The Parliaments" name, the ensemble began playing under the name Funkadelic. As Funkadelic, the group signed to Westbound in Around this time, the group's music evolved from soul and doo wop into a harder guitar-driven mix of psychedelic rock, soul and funk, much influenced by the popular musical and political movements of the time.
Jimi Hendrix and Sly Stone were major inspirations. The band made their first live television performance on Say Brother in October 7, The group's self-titled debut album, Funkadelicwas released in The recording also included the rest of the Parliaments singers still uncredited due to contractual concernsseveral uncredited session musicians then employed by Motownas well as Ray Monette of Rare Earth and future P-Funk mainstay Bernie Worrell.
Bernie Worrell was officially credited starting with Funkadelic's second album, 's Free Your Mind The album Maggot Brain followed in The first three Funkadelic albums displayed strong psychedelic influences not least in terms of production and limited commercial potential, despite containing many songs that stayed in the band's set list for several years and would influence many future funk, rock, and hip hop artists.
After the release of Maggot Brainthe Funkadelic lineup was expanded greatly. From this point, many more musicians and singers would be added during Funkadelic's and Parliament's history, including the recruitment of several members of James Brown 's backing band, The JB's in — most notably Bootsy Collins and the Horny Horns.
Bootsy and his brother Catfish Collins were recruited by Clinton to replace the departed Nelson and Hazel. Bootsy in particular became a major contributor to the P-Funk sound. Inthis new line-up released the politically charged double album America Eats Its Young.
The lineup stabilized a bit with the album Cosmic Slop infeaturing major contributions from recently added singer-guitarist Garry Shider. After first leaving the band, Eddie Hazel spent a year in jail after assaulting an airline stewardess and air marshal while under the influence of PCP,   then he returned to make major contributions to the album Standing on the Verge of Getting It On. Hazel only contributed to P-Funk sporadically thereafter.
George Clinton revived Parliament in and signed that act to Casablanca Records. Parliament and Funkadelic featured mostly the same stable of personnel but operated concurrently under two names. At first, Parliament was designated as a more mainstream funk ensemble dominated by soulful vocals and horn arrangements, while Funkadelic was designated as a more experimental and freestyle guitar-based funk band.